Practical Info Morocco

  • Capital: Rabat.
  • Area: 710,850 km2.
  • Population 2019: 36,472,000.
  • King: Mohammed VI.
  • Prime Minister: Saadeddine Othmani.
  • Official languages: Arabic and Tamazight are the official languages.
  • Spoken languages: Classical Arabic, Moroccan Arabic, Hassaniya Arabic, Tashelhiyt, Tamazight, Tarifit, and French.
  • Currency: The dirham (DH) is the Moroccan currency, the unit is equivalent to 0.10 Euro.
  • Climate: Summer is hot and pleasant on the coasts and mountains, temperatures vary from 17 ° C to 38 ° C. Winter is cold with snow in the mountain regions and can drop down to -15º C.
  • Vaccines: Morocco requires the same vaccines as most European countries. Hepatitis A and B, Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Typhoid are recommended before traveling.
  • International phone code: 212 followed by the area code and finally the number of the correspondent.
  • Electricity: Morocco uses a type of European connection with an electric current of 220V.
  • Tourism visa: Passport with 6 months validity after your return date.

Map of Morocco

Map of Morocco

Language

  • The language of education, administration, and the media is classical Arabic;
  • Everyday language around the country range from dialectal Arabic called darija, and several Berber languages such as Tashelhiyt, Tamazight, Tarifit, spoken mainly in the Rif, the Atlas, and the Souss.
  • In the Grand-South areas from Laayoune to Dakhla, Hassaniya Arabic is the autochthonous language.
  • Most Moroccans speak French while a minority will speak Spanish and English.

Useful Moroccan Arabic Phrases

EnglishDarija
HelloAsalamou Alaykoum
GoodbyeBsslama
Help me, pleaseAwni Afak
Thank youChoukran
Thanks a lotChoukran bzaf
You’re welcomeLa choukran
WhyAlach
WhenWktach
WhoChkoun
WhatChnou
How muchBchhal
How manyChhal

Useful Berber Phrases

EnglishBerber
HelloAzul
GoodbyeBsslama
Help me, pleaseAwni Afak
Thank youChoukran
Thanks a lotChoukran bzaf
You’re welcomeLa choukran
WhyAlach
WhenWktach
WhoChkoun
WhatChnou
How muchBchhal
How manyChhal

Useful French Phrases

EnglishFrench
HelloBonjour
GoodbyeAu revoir
Help me, pleaseAidez-moi, s’il vous plaît
Thank youMerci
Thanks a lotMerci beaucoup
You’re welcomeDe rien
WhyPourquoi
WhenQuand
WhoQui
WhatQuoi
How muchCombien
How manyCombien

Best seasons

  • Travel to Morocco is possible all year round.
  • The ideal is to adapt the season to the region. However, outside the coast, spring and autumn are arguably the best time to travel in Morocco.
  • For the imperial cities (Marrakech, Fez, Meknes, Rabat) the best time is during spring and autumn.
  • For the Saharan regions is always best between October and February.
  • The sunlight annual average is higher than 8 hours per day in Agadir, Fes, Marrakech, and Ouarzazate.
  • It is important to protect yourself from the sun during the hottest hours especially if you’re traveling in the mountain and desert areas.

Money

  • The national currency of Morocco is the dirham, divided into 100 centimes.
  • There are banknotes of 20, 50, 100, and 200 dirhams; coins of 1, 5, and 10 dirhams and 5, 10, 20, and 50 centimes.
  • The import and export of the dirham are prohibited.
  • Bank cards are widely accepted, especially in large cities where ATMs are easily found.
Money of Morocco

Flights

  • Morocco-Center: The city of Marrakech is a 3-hour flight from Paris. Casablanca airport is 2 hours from Paris. Agadir is a 3h30 flight from Paris.
  • Morocco-North: The city of Tangier is a 2.5-hour flight from Paris. Fez airport is a 3-hour flight from Paris.
  • Morocco-Grand-South: The flight time between Paris and Dakhla is quite long because you have to make a stopover in Casablanca. Only the Royal Air Maroc airline operates flights to Dakhla. Dakhla airport is a 2.2-hour flight from Casablanca.

Internet connection

  • Almost all hotels, riads, cafes, and restaurants have a free WiFi network even in many remote areas.
  • Many businesses in desert cities such as Ouarzazate and Zagora already have a fiber-optic communication network.

Hours

  • Currency exchange offices in principle are open every day (except sometimes Sunday afternoon) and their opening hours are very scattered.
  • Banks are open Monday to Friday from 8:15 am to 3:30 pm.
  • Shops in the medinas open in the middle of the morning, and you can do your shopping until late hours. On Fridays, many shops remain closed for the whole day, while many are only open in the morning. Many businesses than open at the end of the afternoon.

Post office

  • There are post offices everywhere, even in small villages. However, wait until you are in a big city to post your mail.
  • Offices in large cities are open Monday to Friday from 8:30 am to 6:30 pm.
  • In many places (including Marrakech), expect a closure at lunchtime and Friday afternoons.

Electricity

  • Morocco uses 220 volts. The sockets are identical to the European sockets such as in France, Portugal, Italy, Germany, Poland, etc. Adapter and transformer are therefore not necessary unless you come from outside Europe.

National holidays

  • 1st January: New Year.
  • 30th July: Throne Day.
  • 14th August: Oued Ed-Dahab Day.
  • 21st August: Youth Day (King Mohammed VI birthday)
  • 20th August: Revolution of the King and the People.
  • 6th November: Green March Day.
  • 18th November: Independence Day.

Roads

  • Morocco has 60,000 km of roads, with half of which are paved, without posing insurmountable problems for most vehicles.
  • In the southern provinces, most of the desert tracks are passable for a good driver and 4x4s are not essentially needed everywhere.
  • Driving at night is strongly not advised.
  • The speed limits are 100 km/h on the national roads, 60 km/h in urban areas, and 40 km/h in the city centers.

Road distances in Morocco

LocationsDistance
Rabat to Casablanca87 km
Rabat to Meknes151 km
Rabat to Fes229 km
Rabat to Tangier (border north)251 km
Rabat to Chefchaouen251 km
Rabat to Tetouan279 km
Rabat to Marrakech324 km
Rabat to Safi331 km
Rabat to Essaouira451 km
Rabat to Errachidia471 km
Rabat to Ouarzazate515 km
Rabat to Oujda (border east)528 km
Rabat to Agadir548 km
Rabat to Merzouga596 km
Rabat to Zagora674 km
Rabat to Figuig844 km
Rabat to Laayoune1165 km
Rabat to Dakhla1696 km
Rabat to Guerguerat (border south)1984 km
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